Premature deaths from air pollution (PM2.5 and PM10)

Total annual costs of air pollution per year

Public healthcare spending per year

Fossil fuel production subsidies

Renewable energy subsidies

Stay tuned! The HEAL report on fossil fuel subsidies and comparative health costs will be published in early 2017. Please leave us your email address if you would like us to send you the report when it is released.

WHO Premature deaths from AP (2014)
RAND Corporation (2015)
Global Subsidies Initiative (2015)
WHO Health System Financing Profiles (2014)
Overseas Development Institute/Oil Change International (2015)